Data Statistics on Sickle Cell Disease | CDC

Dec 16, 2020 · Sickle cell disease (SCD) affects millions of people throughout the world and is particularly common among those whose ancestors came from sub-Saharan Africa; Spanish-speaking regions in the Western Hemisphere (South America, the Caribbean, and Central America); Saudi Arabia; India; and Mediterranean countries such as Turkey, Greece, and Italy.Get price

CDC - Chagas Disease - Detailed FAQs

Most people with Chagas disease became infected in rural areas of Mexico, Central America, and South America. In some regions of Latin America, efforts to eliminate kissing bugs, called vector control programs, have succeeded in stopping this type of disease spread.Get price

Chagas disease - Wikipedia

It is estimated that 6.2 million people, mostly in Mexico, Central America and South America, have Chagas disease as of 2017, resulting in an estimated 7,900 deaths. Most people with the disease are poor, and most do not realize they are infected.Get price

Yellow Fever - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Risk For TravelersClinical PresentationDiagnosisTreatmentPreventionA traveler’s risk for acquiring YF is determined by various factors, including immunization status, location of travel, season, duration of exposure, occupational and recreational activities while traveling, and local rate of virus transmission at the time of travel. Although reported cases of human disease are the principal indicator of disease risk, case reports may be absent because of a low level of transmission, a high level of immunity in the population (because of vaccination, for example), or failure of local surveillance systems to detect cases. Since “epidemiologic silence” does not mean absence of risk, travelers should not go into endemic areas without taking protective measures. YF virus transmission in rural West Africa is seasonal, with an elevated risk during the end of the rainy season and the beginning of the dry season (usually July–October). However, Ae. aegyptimay transmit YF virus episodically, even during the dry season, in both rural and densely settled urban...Get price

Search for Yellow Fever Vaccination Clinics | Travelers

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website.Get price

PAHO warns of concerning Covid-19 situation in South America

Apr 08, 2021 · (afp photo / centers for disease control and prevention / alissa eckert / handout ) The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) highlighted on Wednesday the worrying rise in Covid-19 infections in South America, and warned of the risk of “massive epidemics” in countries that do not fully comply with the measures to stop the spread.Get price

Travelers' Health | CDC

Official U.S. government health recommendations for traveling. Provided by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).Get price

U.S. Army South :: Homepage

U.S. Army Capt. Yvette Tyson, U.S. Army South military justice advisor and trial counsel, talks about Black History Month on Joint Base San Antonio Fort Sam Houston, Texas, Feb. 10, 2021. Tyson spoke about her and her family’s long history of military service. (U.S. Army Video by Pfc. Joshua Taeckens) (This video was edited from its original version)Get price

American Airlines - Great Deals on Flights to South America

Home › American Airlines flights › Flights to South America *Fares displayed have been collected within the last 24hrs and may no longer be available at time of booking. Fares listed may be Basic Economy, which class is subject to additional terms and conditions. Additional baggage fees and charges for optional products and services may apply.Get price

Central and South America Travel: Reopening Restrictions

COVID-19 has surged in many parts of South and Central America, where it has spread rapidly among indigenous communities with minimal access to health care and in densely populated cities. Borders were closed and most commercial flights to the region were halted at the beginning of the pandemic and while some countries remain closedGet price

The US Air Forcespecial operators are learning new tricks

Sep 18, 2020 · The head of US Northern Command, which oversees military operations in North America, and of North American Aerospace Defense Command, or NORAD, is usually an Air Force general, reflecting theGet price

Central America | CDC Global Health

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) formally established the Central America Regional (CAR) office, based in Guatemala, in 2005. In addition to Guatemala the regional office also covers Panama, Belize, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Honduras, and Nicaragua. CAR also manages projects inGet price

South America - Wikipedia

South America is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the north and east by the Atlantic Ocean, North America and the Caribbean Sea lie to the northwest. The continent generally includes twelve sovereign states: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela; two dependent territories: the Falkland Islands and SouthGet price

South America - WorldAtlas

South America has an area of 17,840,000 km 2 or almost 11.98% of Earthtotal land area. By land area, South America is the worldfourth largest continent after Asia, Africa, and North America. South America is almost twice as big as Europe by land area, and is marginally larger than Russia.Get price

Fire Ants | NIOSH | CDC

Imported fire ants first came to the United States around 1930. Now there are five times more ants per acre in the United States than in their native South America. The fire ants that came to the United States escaped their natural enemies and thrived in the southern landscape. Fire ants bite and sting.Get price

Chagas disease (also known as American trypanosomiasis)

DistributionSigns and SymptomsTreatmentControl and PreventionWho ResponseChagas disease was once entirely confined to continental rural areas of the Region of the Americas – principally Latin America (not in the Caribbean islands). Mainly because of the increased population mobility in the last decades, most infected people live in urban settings (urbanization) and the disease has been increasingly detected in the United States of America, Canada, and many European and some African, Eastern Mediterranean and Western Pacific countries. Transmission In Latin America, T. cruziparasites are mainly transmitted by contact with faeces/urine of infected blood-sucking triatomine bugs. These bugs, vectors that carry the parasites, typically live in the wall or roof cracks of homes and peridomiciliary structures, such as chicken coops, pens and warehouses, in rural or suburban areas. Normally they hide during the day and become active at night when they feed on mammalian blood, including human blood. They usually bite an exposed area of skin such as the face (hence...Get price

Cruise Ship Travel | Travelers' Health | CDC

VaccinesVomiting and DiarrheaOther Health ConcernsTravel Health Insurance and Evacuation InsuranceMore InformationRegardless of your itinerary, you should be up-to-date on routine vaccines, such as measles/mumps/rubella, varicella, and seasonal flu. Crew members and fellow travelers often come from countries where these diseases are more common than in the United States and where vaccination is not routine. Consequently, outbreaks of chickenpox and rubella (German measles) have been reported on cruise ships. Additional vaccines you'll need depend on where you'll be stopping and what you're going to do there. CDCgeneral vaccination recommendations, by country, can be found on the Travelers' Health destination pages.However, discuss the cruise itinerary and your specific travel plans with your doctor. If you're stopping in a country only for a short time, or if you don't plan to leave the tourist area around the dock, certain vaccines may not be necessary. Even if you are not at risk for yellow fever during port calls, some countries in Africa and South America may require proof of yellow feve...Get price

History of tuberculosis - Wikipedia

Prior to this study, the first evidence of the disease in South America was found in remains of the Arawak culture around 1050 BC. The most significant finding belongs to the mummy of an 8 to 10-year-old Nascan child from Hacienda Agua Sala, dated to 700 AD. Scientists were able to isolate evidence of the bacillus.Get price

CDC - Chagas Disease - Epidemiology Risk Factors

Chagas disease is common in parts of Mexico, Central America, and South America where an estimated 8 million people are infected. The triatomine bug thrives in poor housing conditions (for example, mud walls, thatched roofs), and in countries where the bug is present, people living in rural areas are at greatest risk for getting infected.Get price

Contact Information for North and South America

Global Reach; Intertek is the industry leader with employees in 1,000 locations in over 100 countries. Whether your business is local or global, we can help to ensure that your products meet quality, health, environmental, safety, and social accountability standards for virtually any market around the world.Get price

Belize - Traveler view | Travelers' Health | CDC

PreventionOther animalsTreatmentMake sure you are up-to-date on routine vaccines before every trip. These vaccines include measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine, varicella (chickenpox) vaccine, polio vaccine, and your yearly flu shot. CDC recommends this vaccine because you can get hepatitis A through contaminated food or water in Belize, regardless of where you are eating or staying. You can get typhoid through contaminated food or water in Belize. CDC recommends this vaccine for most travelers, especially if you are staying with friends or relatives, visiting smaller cities or rural areas, or if you are an adventurous eater. You can get hepatitis B through sexual contact, contaminated needles, and blood products, so CDC recommends this vaccine if you might have sex with a new partner, get a tattoo or piercing, or have any medical procedures. There is no risk of yellow fever in Belize. The government of Belize requires proof of yellow fever vaccination only if you are arriving from a country with risk of yellow fever. This does not include the US. If you are traveling from a country other than the US, check this list to see if you may be required to get the yellow fever vaccine: Countries with risk of yellow fever virus (YFV) transmission. Note: Yellow fever vaccine availability in the United States is currently limited. If you need to be vaccinated before your trip, you may need to travel some distance and schedule your appointment well in advance. Find the clinic nearest you. Although the risk of malaria is low in Belize, you should avoid mosquito bites to prevent malaria. Some travelers to certain areas who are at higher risk for complications from malaria (such as pregnant women) may need to take extra precautions, like antimalarial medicine. Talk to your doctor about how you can prevent malaria while traveling. Areas of Belize with risk of malaria: Rare locally transmitted cases. None in Belize City and islands frequented by tourists such as Ambergris Caye. See more detailed information about malaria in Belize.Get price

Cheap Flights to South America from $1 only | Expedia

Find cheap return or one-way flights to South America from $1 only. Compare and reserve flight deals and promotions for your trip to South America now! Welcome to {{displayDomain}} , a US site operated by Expedia, Inc., a Washington corporation.Get price

Chagas disease - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

OverviewSymptomsCausesRisk FactorsComplicationsPreventionChagas (CHAH-gus) disease is an inflammatory, infectious disease caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, which is found in the feces of the triatomine (reduviid) bug. Chagas disease is common in South America, Central America and Mexico, the primary home of the triatomine bug. Rare cases of Chagas disease have been found in the southern United States, as well.Also called American trypanosomiasis, Chagas disease can infect anyone. Left untreated, Chagas disease later can cause serious heart...Get price

The impact of Chagas disease control in Latin America: a review.

The impact of Chagas disease control in Latin America: a review. Dias JC(1), Silveira AC, Schofield CJ. Author information: (1)Centro de Pesquisas René Rachou, Fiocruz, Belo Horizonte, MG, 30190-002, Brasil. [email protected]Get price

HAN Archive - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

SummaryBackgroundRecommendations For Health Care Providers and Public Health PractitionersFor More InformationIn May 2015, the World Health Organization reported the first local transmission of Zika virus in the Western Hemisphere, with autochthonous (locally acquired) cases identified in Brazil. As of January 15, 2016, local transmission had been identified in at least 14 countries or territories in the Americas, including Puerto Rico (See Pan American Health Organization [PAHO] link below for countries and territories in the Americas with Zika virus transmission). Further spread to other countries in the region is likely. Local transmission of Zika virus has not been documented in the continental United States. However, Zika virus infections have been reported in travelers returning to the United States. With the recent outbreaks in the Americas, the number of Zika virus disease cases among travelers visiting or returning to the United States likely will increase. These imported cases may result in local spread of the virus in some areas of the continental United States, meaning these imp...Get price

War on drugs - Wikipedia

In the year 2003, 53 percent of the requested drug control budget was for enforcement, 29 percent for treatment, and 18 percent for prevention. The state of New York, in particular, designated 17 percent of its budget towards substance-abuse-related spending. Of that, a mere one percent was put towards prevention, treatment, and research.Get price


U.S. Southern Command is one of ten Unified Combatant Commands within the U.S. Department of Defense. U.S. Southern Command conducts military operations and promotes security cooperation in Central America, South America and the Caribbean, in order to achieve U.S. national security objectives.Get price

Gulf War Service - Public Health

Gulf War Service. For VA benefit purposes, Gulf War service is active military duty in any of the following areas in the Southwest Asia theater of military operations at any time August 2, 1990 to present.Get price

United States - Wikipedia

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country primarily located in North America.It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, 326 Indian reservations, and some minor possessions.Get price

American Airlines Cutting Flights to South America Due to

American Airlines is cutting select services to South America due to COVID-19. Rising COVID-19 cases in these countries have decreased flight demands. The airlineflights to Brazil, Chile, andGet price