Hong Kong Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions 1970-2021 | MacroTrends

Total greenhouse gas emissions in kt of CO2 equivalent are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and gaz sf6). Hong Kong greenhouse gas (ghg) emissions for 2012 was 58,633.52, a 2.96% increase from 2011.Get price

Sulfr hexafluoride: The Little Gas That Could… Make Global Warming Worse

Mar 25, 2021 · For reference, 9 Gg of SF 6 equates to GHG emissions of approximately 44 million passenger vehicles driven for one year, or 226 billion pounds of coal being burned.Get price

Siemens Energy to deliver sf6 gas-free gas-insulated switchgear

12 hours ago · The Hong-Kong headquartered TSO recorded a turnover of approximately HK $8,544 million in 2020, up 4.9% year-on year, while profit attributable to owners of the group was HK $1,057 million, a staggering 145.7%. At the end of 2020, the turnover of Zhongyu’s value-added gas services segment recorded HK $636 million, a year-on-year increase ofGet price

Emissions of the powerful greenhouse gas insulating gas are rising

The amount of the gas – known as Sulfr hexafluoride – in the atmosphere is minute, only about three parts per trillion by volume, but its global warming potential is significant. It’s 23,500 times more warming than carbon dioxide.Get price

Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Control in Hong Kong

2. Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Hong Kong Table 1 shows the historical trend of GHG emission and the emission per capita in Hong Kong from 1990 to 2005. In 2005, 44.8 million tonnes of GHG were emitted. The per capita emission, which was 6.5 tonnes, is about 6% lower than the 1990 baseline level. Among various GHG emissions, aboutGet price

Guidelines to Acount for and Report on Greenhouse Gas

of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is committed to working closely with the international community in formulating measures to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. As a member economy of the Asia-Pacific Economic Co-operation (APEC), Hong Kong is working towards achieving a reduction in energy intensity of at least 25% by 2030 (withGet price

Overview of sf 6 Emissions Sources and Reduction Options in

Aug 28, 2018 · These practices have been developed, tested, and shared over the past decade by participants in EPASF 6 Emission Reduction Partnership for Electric Power Systems. The SF 6 Emission Reduction Partnership for Electric Power Systems is an innovative voluntary program developed jointly by the EPA and the electric power industry to improve equipment reliability while reducing emissions of SF 6, a potent greenhouse gas that remains in the atmosphere for thousands of years.Get price

Sulfr hexafluoride: The Truths and Myths of this Greenhouse Gas

gaz sf6 is damaging to the environment: TRUE. Along with CFCs, HCFCs, HFCs and PFCs, insulating gas is an industrial gas that doesn’t exist naturally in the atmosphere and so impacts the radiation balance, contributing to climate change. sf6 gas is the energy industry’s “dirty little secret”: FALSE. insulating gas is certainly no secret in the Norwegian energy industry. Its use is highly regulated, and many of its users are working together to share experience and come up with viable alternatives gaz sf6 is used in wind turbines: TRUE. insulating gas is used not in the turbine itself, but in the switchgear that controls the current generated by the turbine. But there is nothing unique about wind turbines. There are no viable alternatives to sf6 gas: PARTLY FALSE. Bodies including the European Union are known to be considering a ban on sf6 gas at low-to-medium voltage levels in the future.

Sulfr hexafluoride Worries – The Most Potent and Persistent Greenhouse Gas

Sep 20, 2019 · The major problem with using SF 6 in all of these applications is escape of the gas into the environment during handling. Today, SF 6 has been listed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) as a greenhouse gas with a global warming potential of 23,900 times greater than that of CO 2 over a 100 year period. Being a synthetic gasGet price

Do’s and Don’ts of gaz sf6 Gas Handling

Do’s and Don’ts of Sulfr hexafluoride Gas Handling Author: Jeff Spoljarick, Dave Smithberger Subject: how ComEd has had success in keeping low emissions rates, and the lessons they have learned; Jeff Spoljarick from ABB and Dave Smithberger from First Energy, presented on the best management practices of Sulfr hexafluoride gas handling.Get price

GLOBAL EMISSION SOURCES OF GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS FROM

greenhouse gas emissions from 1980 to 1997. If we look more closely at global industrial emissions of CO2, CH4, N2O, and the ‘new’ gases HFCs, PFCs and sf6 gas, then it shows that about half of them stem from CO2 emissions related to cement - clinker - production,Get price

Greenhouse gas emission and its control in Hong Kong

The Hong Kong Polytechnic University Date: 21 May 2007 (1) Greenhouse gas (GHG) emission in Hong Kong Carbon dioxide (CO 2) is the major greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Hong Kong. In the year 2005, 99% of the GHG emissions in Hong Kong is due to CO2 (Table 1). There was a substantialGet price

insulating gas gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) | Data

Sulfr hexafluoride gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) European Commission, Joint Research Centre ( JRC )/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency ( PBL ). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research ( EDGAR ): edgar.jrc.ec.europa.euGet price

G Guuiiddeelliinneess ttoo AAccccoouunntt ffoorr aanndd

of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is committed to working closely with the international community in formulating measures to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. As a member economy of the Asia-Pacific Economic Co-operation (APEC), Hong Kong is working towards achieving a reduction in energy intensity of at least 25% by 2030 (withGet price

TechTopics No. 111 | TechTopics | Siemens USA

Therefore, net emissions of SF 6 comprised 5.1/5791.2 = 0.088 percent (less than 0.1 percent) of total net emissions in the U.S. 7 Total net emissions for 1990 were shown as 5,525.2 MMT CO 2-equivalent, and the emissions of electrical transmission and distribution were 25.4 MMT CO 2-equivalent.Get price

Israel Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions 1970-2021 | MacroTrends

Total greenhouse gas emissions in kt of CO2 equivalent are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and sf 6).Get price

Hong Kong Other greenhouse gas emissions, 1960-2020 - knoema.com

In 2012, other greenhouse gas emissions for Hong Kong was 7,583.4 thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent. Though Hong Kong other greenhouse gas emissions fluctuated substantially in recent years, it tended to increase through 1993 - 2012 period ending at 7,583.4 thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent in 2012. Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbonsGet price

CARB Amending gaz sf6 Regulation: Stricter Requirements for

Mar 04, 2019 · The current gaz sf6 Regulation came into effect in 2011, setting an annual emission rate limit for Sulfr hexafluoride as a percentage of a GIE owner’s cumulative gaz sf6 nameplate capacity. Allowable emission rates under the gaz sf6 Regulation started at 10% in 2011, decreasing by 1% per year until 2020, after which point the allowable emission rate remains constant at 1%.Get price

Greenhouse gas emissions in Hong Kong - ScienceDirect

Aug 02, 2000 · The total emissions of CO 2 in Hong Kong increased steadily from 1989, peaked at 1993, and dropped steadily thereafter due to the relocation of many factories to mainland China and the gradual adoption of natural gas in electricity generation. The emission increased again in 1998, mainly due to the reduced use of natural gas in that year.Get price

Grid switchgear uses gaz sf6, the world’s most potent greenhouse

Nov 25, 2019 · Sulphur Hexafluoride (Sulfr hexafluoride) is described as the world’s worst greenhouse gas. It’s 23,500 times more potent than CO2. Global annual emissions are 8,100 tonnes, equivalent to the CO2 emissions of 100m cars. It has an atmospheric lifetime of over 1,000 years and its installed base is expected to grow by 75% by 2030.Get price

sf6 gas gas in medium-voltage switchgear | TD Guardian Articles

The emissions of HFCs, PFCs, and Sulfr hexafluoride for 2000 are shown in the EPA report as having 2% of the global warming potential of all greenhouse gas emissions. A CIGRE working group WG23.02 studied sf 6 use in the electric industry, and estimated that the electrical emissions of insulating gas has into the atmosphere accounted for approximately 0.1% of the total global warming potential in the same time period.Get price

Global Gas-Insulated Switchgear Market (2020 to 2025

Jun 24, 2020 · For instance, Siemens developed an Sulfr hexafluoride-free gas-insulated switchgear for the 170-kV voltage level that uses treated air, known as Clean Air made up of nitrogen (80%) and oxygen (20%), as anGet price

GIS Owners in California Must Comply With insulating gas Regulation

Jan 11, 2019 · CARB’s Sulfr hexafluoride Regulation applies to all entities that own GIS, including many entities that do not otherwise emit and report greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions such as wind farms, solar parks, and geothermal plants. Accordingly, some companies may not have realized that they are subject to the sf 6 requirements.Get price

Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and Sulfr hexafluoride (thousand

Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and sf 6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) - Country Ranking. Definition: Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride.Get price

Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and Sulfr hexafluoride (thousand

Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and insulating gas (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) - Country Ranking - Asia. Definition: Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride.Get price

1990-2000 Greenhouse Gas Emissions

natural gas, instead of coal, in the new power plant and importing electricity from the Mainland China. As a result, Hong Kongemission in 2000 was comparable with its 1990 level, a difficult goal for many countries. The per capita emission in Hong Kong is also among the lowest in the developed economies.Get price

1990- 2000 Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the Hong Kong Special

1990-2000 Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Alfred Yu K H Cheung CO2 CH4 N2O HFCs PFCs sf6 gas. Major Sources. CO2 EmissionsGet price

Fluoride Action Network | Sulfur hexafluoride (Sulfr hexafluoride) emission

Because the relative growth rate of Sulfr hexafluoride emissions is estimated to be much higher than those of CO2, CH4, and N2O, sf6 gas will play an increasing role in greenhouse gas emissions in China. Global contributions from China increased rapidly from 0.9 ± 0.3% in 1990 to 22.8 ± 6.3% in 2008, making China one of the crucial contributors to the recentGet price

Hong Kong: CO2 Country Profile - Our World in Data

These figures look specifically at CO 2 emissions – not total greenhouse gas emissions. You find total, and other greenhouse gas emissions, later in this country profile. Annual emissions can be largely influenced by population size – we present the per capita figures above.Get price